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Silvia Helena Barcellos, University of Southern California

May 13, 2020 @ 12:00 pm - 1:30 pm PDT

Is Education the Great Equalizer?

Abstract: We investigate the role of education in equalizing differences in socio-economic status (SES) across groups determined by two at-birth “lotteries:” birthplace and genetics. Birthplace and genetics are strongly related to long-term SES and education is believed to be a way to overcome disadvantages on such initial endowments. We ask how the effects of a compulsory schooling law-induced increase in secondary education vary with the quality of an individual’s birth neighborhood and their polygenic score for educational attainment. We use a regression discontinuity framework and a large sample that allows for well-powered estimates of such interactions. While the law change reduced differences in educational attainment across birthplace and genetic groups, it increased existing differences in middle age SES. In particular, the extra education benefited those with high genetic scores the most, doubling the gradient between the polygenic score and SES. Our findings suggest that compulsory schooling policies, while equalizing educational attainment, might have limited ability in reducing lifecycle SES inequalities by genetics and birthplace.

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Zoom Recording Available Here

Location: Presented remotely via Zoom

Details

Date:
May 13, 2020
Time:
12:00 pm - 1:30 pm PDT
Event Category:

Organizer

California Center for Population Research

Details

Date:
May 13, 2020
Time:
12:00 pm - 1:30 pm PDT
Event Category:

Organizer

California Center for Population Research
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